Politicians are now trying to seize the potential of ChatGBT, while Western right-wing activists warn of its liberal and progressive biases, and diplomats and experts debate its potential applications in foreign policy, soft power and public influence.
The generative ChatGPT program, which interacts with humans and can produce all kinds of texts on demand, has invaded the university, professional and even political circles, as politicians use it to write speeches or draft laws, but it threatens to form influence campaigns that are difficult to determine if Whether it was man-made or not.
In Japan, a member of parliament questioned the prime minister with questions suggested by the "GBT chat" robot at the end of last March. And in France, the tool drafted an amendment to a bill for the 2024 Olympic Games.
Politicians and artificial intelligence
Politicians are currently trying to seize the potential offered by this chatbot, which had more than 100 million active users early this year, just two months after its launch.
Pascal Marchand, a professor of media sciences at the University of Toulouse, says AI tools such as ChatGPT are able to "generate discourses in line" with traditional political ideologies. But because they are unable to innovate, they are of less interest to parties that wish to "adapt to the status quo and keep pace with the times".
The right-wing parties face difficulties with the "GBT Chat" program, as they consider it a product of the "woke" culture – that is, vigilance against racial abuse and discrimination – and imprinted with the liberal and "progressive" values of the American Silicon Valley, where the major technology companies are located.
In France, the head of the National Rally, Jordan Bardella, is promoting on social networks the idea that ChatGBT ushers in a “new Great Replacement.” The term “ Great Replacement ” refers to a far-right conspiracy theory that Europeans are being replaced by immigrants, regularly, especially from Africa.
This theory consists of two basic elements. The first element is the demographic projections, which say that due to mass migration and high fertility rates, the population of non-European origin is on its way to surpassing the number of the indigenous population in Europe, and this would help them impose their culture and religion on the continent. .
On the other hand, writer Reno Camus, the author of the theory, believes that the "great replacement" will occur as a result of a conspiracy carried out by a "hidden authority", which is the capitalist ruling elites advocating globalization, who support mass migration in order to build a new world in which all national, ethnic and cultural characteristics disappear, and it becomes Capable of being controlled and shaped to meet the needs of the globalized economy.
As for the vice president of the far-right "Restoration Party", Marion Marechal, she considered that the robot eliminates the "critical sense".
ChatGBT designed by OpenAI, or competitors such as Google's Bard, have biases from being trained with a huge set of Texts and standards added by its designers to limit the generation of controversial or objectionable statements.
In New Zealand, researcher David Rosado has designed a RightWingGPT robot that is trained to produce conservative statements supportive of the traditional family, Christian values, and the free market, but is not accessible to everyone.
And American businessman Elon Musk announced, last Monday, that he is working to create his own artificial intelligence tool, "TRUTHGPT", which, in his words, will seek to "show as much truth as possible" and compete with other programs that lack controls. necessary.
In China, whose President Xi Jinping has called for the inclusion of artificial intelligence in his country's foreign policy and its use in promoting diplomacy, Beijing intends to subject artificial intelligence tools to "security audits" in the extent to which their contents adhere to "basic socialist values" and not to prejudice state security.
Manipulating the masses
Professor of Media and Communication at Cairo University, Suleiman Saleh, believes that there are many indications that algorithms and bots are being used to manipulate public opinion, by building the media and societal agenda and changing the course of discussing public issues, recalling that fake accounts were used in the 2016 US elections, to spread Political rumours, fake news, and directing voters to links that include political news that influence their behavior.
Saleh added – in his article published on Al-Jazeera Net – that artificial intelligence can produce content for voters looking for specific political information during political crises, in order to support candidates or increase sympathy for them by portraying them as popular, to urge citizens to vote for a candidate.
Extensive discussions are currently taking place regarding the impact of artificial intelligence on the concept of international relations and the political and diplomatic process, according to political science researcher Khaled Walid Mahmoud.
Mahmoud believes – in his article on Al-Jazeera Net – that artificial intelligence has entered the world of foreign policy and is being applied to a wide range of consular and diplomatic activities and in an agenda with broad topics of varying disciplines, ranging from economics, business and security, to the consolidation and dissemination of the principles of democracy and human rights.