A legal and technical debate about the role of artificial intelligence in photography and music

New artificial intelligence tools have witnessed a massive spread in recent months, and have entered many fields of writing, creativity, art, even music, photography and other fields, which were the preserve of human creativity.

In the world of music, artificial intelligence is present and plays a growing role in this field, but those concerned believe that there is a need for legislation regulating the use of this technology.

In the world of photography, a German artist sparked angry responses after winning a prestigious award in the field of photography for an image that was generated and created using artificial intelligence technology.

Photography award and accusations of misrepresentation

Boris Eldgesen indicated that he was clear from the beginning regarding the nature of his work, and that he would not accept the reward given to him within the Sony World Photography Awards, because the competitions are not yet ready to deal with artificial intelligence technology.

The committee responsible for awarding the awards, in turn, stated that it was aware of the nature of the image, but accused the artist of "deliberate misleading", which angered Eldgsson.

A large number of photographers and artists fear that artificial intelligence technology will threaten their livelihood, as it allows anyone to create beautiful images with a few clicks.

Artists have begun filing lawsuits to protect their rights to confront artificial intelligence that uses and publishes their copyrighted works to train tools to produce content from new images, but their legal battles will not be easy. In Europe and North America, the law tends to favor artificial intelligence, although the situation may change. According to a previous report by Al Jazeera Net.

The Sony World Photography Awards announced last March that Eldgson's picture, which features two women and is titled "Pseudomnesia: The Electrician," won in the Creative Works category.

In interviews after his victory, Eldgsson explained how he accomplished the work, noting that he wanted through this step to bring up a discussion on the issue of artificial intelligence.

He wrote last week that "images created by artificial intelligence programs and those that are photographic should not compete in such awards," and refused the award awarded to him.

The award organizers said they were looking forward to engaging the artist in a discussion about artificial intelligence, but withdrew the image "in line with his wishes".

Music and the absence of legislation

Artificial intelligence technology has become present in the world of music. For example, a famous singer named Cecil Leo DiLaurentis used a choir created by this technology on the background of her voice, while the band “AllttA” raised controversy with an audio avatar representing the American rapper and hip-hop. Jay Z.

Although artificial intelligence in the musical field is an engine of creativity, it raises questions and problems related to its organization.

"It's impossible to put the genie back in the lamp after it's out," Young Guru, a member of Jay-Z's band, wrote on Instagram.

Speaking to Agence France-Presse, Alexandre Lasch of the French National Union of Phonographic Publishing (SNEP), a non-profit organization concerned with the music industry, notes that "artificial intelligence has been present in all fields for a few years."

"Technological innovations have contributed to the development of the musical field, which will expand the scope of possibilities and innovations," notes Clarice Arnault of the French Independent Phonographic Producers Union, stressing that any technology must be subject to certain rules.

Delaurantis, a French artist who performs electronic music, has resorted to artificial intelligence technology, and is currently working on the second part of her album, which includes a "virtual choir" created by the technology department of Sony and the Arkham Institute in Paris.

"The artificial intelligence choir starts singing based on my voice, which emanates from 21 voices, with a tone of voice and a way of breathing that suits my singing style," the singer says to the French Agency, adding, "I can go to the choir by saying, for example: Help me with the small note of D, and I will be a musician." Jazz interacts with other musicians.

Artists and musicians question the limits that should not be crossed in the use of artificial intelligence (Shutterstock)

Music Production Transformations

In the case of singer DiLaurentis, artificial intelligence is a "tool for inspiration," says Emilie Gouneau, author of "The Artist, Digital and Music".

But what are the limits that should not be crossed when it comes to the use of artificial intelligence? David Guetta used artificial intelligence to create a sound similar to that of the American rapper Eminem in one of his concerts. However, the famous DJ did not put this work on the market, and indicated in an interview with the "BBC" (BBC) that he wanted through his move to "launch a discussion aimed at raising awareness of the subject of artificial intelligence."

The French-American band "Alta" recently released a song with a fake voice of singer Jay-Z, through the use of an artificial intelligence program. In an interview with Agence France-Presse, the band's French manager, Yat Nedelek, explains that this step aims to "launch another angle of discussion."

"Of course, we did not bring this work to market, but rather we wanted to show that we are in a gray area, and emphasize the urgent need to regulate this field," Nedelic adds. The song will not be included in Alta's new album, "Koryo", which will be released on the market on May 12.

"Programs are not supposed to be able to use a person's name, voice and appearance without their permission," Ying Guru says with regret, hence, according to Emilie Gono, "issues related to the consent of the person concerned and commercial exploitation, as well as the concept of personality (image and sound rights)" arise.

As for forgery, there are certain legal procedures, but taking advantage of the work or reputation of others with the aim of achieving wealth, and violating personal rights are more complex issues, according to Lash.

"Once you copy a sound or a melody and make it slower or faster, it poses a problem, as the rights holder is rarely consulted or paid for his original work," says Clarice Arnault. "There is a lot of effort that needs to be done to regulate this field."

"Technology is advancing much faster than laws," Lash notes. There are not enough monitoring capabilities and censors to manage the large number of works that are published on digital platforms, amounting to about one hundred thousand songs per day.

"I'm not very pessimistic, but rather confident that the situation will be legally remedied," says Emily Gono. "But until this is achieved, wouldn't the method of music production have changed in the first place?"

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