4/17/2023 – | Last updated: 4/17/2023 12:33 PM (Makkah)
International reactions continued regarding the ongoing clashes in Sudan between the army and the Rapid Support Forces, as Washington and London called for an immediate cessation of violence, in conjunction with African movements and an expected meeting of the Security Council today, Monday, to discuss the crisis.
US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said that the people of Sudan want the army to return to its barracks and want democracy, expressing concern about the continuation of the fighting there.
During a meeting with his British counterpart, James Cleverly, on the sidelines of the G7 foreign ministers' meeting, Blinken confirmed that the talks were promising with regard to putting Sudan on the path of complete transition towards a civilian government, adding that there is a common view among the allies of the need to stop the fighting immediately and return to the talks.
For his part, the British Foreign Secretary called on the generals involved in the fighting to give priority to peace.
The US Embassy in Khartoum said it continues to monitor the situation in Khartoum and its surrounding areas closely, and the embassy urged its citizens to stay in their homes until further notice, and confirmed that there are no plans to evacuate Americans at the present time and that it will announce that if the evacuation of citizens becomes necessary.
The necessity of accounting
For his part, a spokesman for the Secretary-General of the United Nations said that Secretary-General Antonio Guterres stresses the need for accountability without delay for those responsible for the bombing and looting of United Nations facilities in several areas in Darfur, adding that all parties must respect international law, including the obligation to ensure the safety of United Nations personnel. and their security.
The spokesman's statement added that Guterres renews his call for an immediate cessation of fighting and a return to dialogue, and continues his contacts with regional leaders and Sudanese parties to find a way out of the crisis.
A statement issued by the UN Security Council expressed the council members' deep concern about the clashes between the Sudanese army and the Rapid Support Forces. The statement also expressed the council members' regret for the loss of life and injuries among civilians.
The member states of the Security Council urged the parties to the conflict to immediately cease hostilities and restore security, and called on all parties to return to dialogue to resolve the current crisis in Sudan. The member states of the Security Council stressed the need to continue to provide humanitarian support, and to ensure the security of United Nations personnel.
Al-Jazeera learned from its sources in New York that the Security Council will hold closed-door consultations on Sudan on Monday. The sources added that the meeting is being held at the request of Britain.
Arab and African invitations
Yesterday, Sunday, the League of Arab States demanded the need for an immediate cessation of armed clashes in Sudan, in order to preserve our right to bloodshed.
During a meeting held in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, at the level of permanent delegates, the League warned of the danger of what it called the violent escalation in Sudan, and the accompanying serious repercussions.
The Arab League stressed the need for all parties to uphold the interest of Sudan, by exercising maximum restraint, working together to calm the situation, and to quickly return to the peaceful path to resolving the Sudanese crisis.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi and his counterpart in South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit, also appealed to both sides of the armed confrontation in Sudan, for an immediate ceasefire, and for the voice of wisdom and dialogue to prevail.
The two presidents expressed, during a phone call between them, their willingness to play a mediating role to resolve the crisis between the Sudanese parties, and they also stressed that the escalation of violence will only lead to a further deterioration of the situation and its out of control.
In turn, the Saudi Foreign Minister, Prince Faisal bin Farhan, made a phone call to the head of the Sudanese Sovereignty Council, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, and the commander of the Rapid Support Forces, Muhammad Hamdan Dagalo (Hamidti).
The Saudi Foreign Ministry said that the minister called during the talks for calm, the primacy of the national interest, and an end to all forms of military escalation. The Saudi foreign minister also stressed the need to return to the framework agreement that guarantees security and stability.
On the African level, the Chadian president said that he had contacted Al-Burhan and Hamidti, in which he called on them to cease fire and go to the path of dialogue to find a peaceful solution.
On the other hand, Agence France-Presse reported that the Chairman of the African Union Commission, Moussa Faki, will go to Khartoum as part of efforts to settle the Sudanese crisis.
The Peace and Security Council of the African Union had expressed its deep concern about the bloody clashes between the Sudanese Armed Forces and the Rapid Support Forces. In a statement following an emergency meeting in Addis Ababa, the Council also called on the two parties to immediately cease fire without conditions, and to quickly adopt a peaceful solution and inclusive dialogue to resolve their differences.
For his part, the spokesman for the Executive Secretary of the "IGAD" organization, Nour Mahmoud Sheikh, confirmed that the summit held by the organization concluded with sending the presidents of Kenya, South Sudan and Djibouti to Khartoum to enter into mediation between the two parties to the crisis there, and Sheikh said that the organization hopes to push the parties to an immediate ceasefire. And engage in dialogue to resolve the crisis.
In a call with the Kenyan President, Josep Borrell, the European Union's foreign policy official, said that it is good for the countries of the region to take the lead in efforts to calm the situation in Sudan. Borrell added that external actors must refrain from interfering and everyone must make efforts to stop hostilities and return the political transition process to a civilian leadership.
The African Union had issued a statement expressing its concern about the situation in Sudan, calling for calm and restraint, and giving priority to dialogue in the interest of the democratic transition process in the country.
The African Union also urged the international community to support the Union's initiative to stop the fighting and establish calm in Sudan.