This month, Chinese President Xi Jinping attended the 17th G20 Leaders' Summit and the 29th APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting successively, and delivered important speeches respectively. President Xi Jinping's speech directly faced global issues and responded to the concerns of the times, which attracted widespread attention. At present, the COVID-19 epidemic has been repeatedly delayed, the world economy is more vulnerable, the geopolitical situation is tense, global governance is severely lacking, and multiple crises such as food and energy are superimposed, and human development is facing major challenges. At this critical moment concerning the peaceful development of the world, the Chinese plan and Chinese wisdom have injected confidence and strength into gathering global forces and promoting common development.
A few days ago, the "China Social Science Forum (2022): Jointly Building the 'Belt and Road', Global Development Initiatives and Neighboring Cooperation" was held in Beijing. The forum is hosted by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and undertaken by the Institute of Asia-Pacific and Global Strategy of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Nearly 50 Chinese and foreign guests conducted in-depth discussions on issues such as global development initiatives and the joint construction of the "Belt and Road".
Focus on the long-term goals and practical needs of global common development
At the 17th G20 Leaders' Summit, President Xi Jinping delivered an important speech titled "Together Meet the Challenges of the Times and Build a Bright Future" and pointed out: "The global development initiative I put forward is to focus on the long-term goals and realities of global common development. needs, build an international consensus on promoting development, foster new momentum for global development, and promote common development and progress of all countries in the world.”
"China's global development initiative reflects China's firm stance to support global common development, and demonstrates China's world-mindedness and responsibility as a major country of 'developing oneself and reaching others'." Yu Zirong, deputy director of the Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce, believes that the global development initiative has profound significance. The connotation of the times: First, it inherits and expands the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, firmly grasps development, the master key to solving all problems, and strives not to leave any country or person behind; second, it transcends the system and ideology Disagreement, breaking through the current governance structure that divides North and South regionally, committing to strengthening the alignment of development strategies between countries, regions, and different multilateral mechanisms, and continuously reaching a new consensus on global development by enhancing political mutual trust and deepening the integration of interests; 3. It embodies China's new contribution to the concept and practice of global development cooperation.
To promote global development initiatives, China has propositions and more actions. Tang Ying, director of the Global Development Promotion Center of the China International Cooperation and Development Agency, said that over the past year, the Global Development Initiative has received support from more than 100 countries and international organizations including the United Nations, and more than 60 countries have joined the Global Development Initiative. Group of Friends". In June this year, when President Xi Jinping presided over the Global Development High-level Dialogue, he announced 32 practical measures for China to promote the implementation of the initiative, and worked with leaders of other countries to promote the re-placement of global development issues at the core of the international agenda, in order to promote the implementation of the United Nations 2030 The 2010 Sustainable Development Goals provide a pathway to achieve them. Global development initiatives have been written into cooperation documents between China and ASEAN, Central Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Pacific Island countries.
Malaysian Ambassador to China Raja Datuk Nusirwan believes that the Global Development Initiative has played an important role in adjusting the attention of the international community to development issues, bringing development back to the core of the international agenda, emphasizing the importance of development in global governance core position.
Dino Gusnadi, Indonesian Minister to China, said that the global development initiative is a consensus among like-minded countries, which can accelerate the implementation of the UN's 2030 sustainable development goals and lead global development to a new stage of balanced, coordinated and inclusive growth. The global implementation of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development requires strong political leadership, effective institutional guarantees, scientific and technological innovation, extensive social mobilization, and pragmatic global partnerships. With the steady growth of China's economy and the development of scientific and technological innovation, as a responsible major country, China is playing an increasingly prominent role in promoting international cooperation and global common development.
Swaran Singh, a professor at the School of International Relations of Jawaharlal Nehru University in India, said that in the past 10 years, China's economic and social development experience, especially the successful practical experience of jointly building the "Belt and Road", has laid a good foundation for the implementation of global development initiatives. Base. In the face of challenges such as the new crown pneumonia epidemic, geopolitical conflicts, and rising energy prices, the global development initiative is a good option. It can effectively help the world deal with public health and climate change issues, and it can also help developing countries achieve better economic recovery. .
High-quality joint construction of the "Belt and Road"
For more than 9 years, the high-quality joint construction of the "Belt and Road" has become an effective platform for deepening and promoting international economic cooperation, enriching and improving innovative practices in global governance, and an important path to jointly build a community of shared future for mankind.
"The high-quality co-construction of the 'Belt and Road' has scientific and clear ideological guidance and conforms to the development trend of the times. In recent years, the scale and quality of the co-construction of the 'Belt and Road' have continued to improve." National Development and Reform Commission "Belt and Road" Construction Promotion Center Director Zhai Dongsheng said that China has provided a strong guarantee for the high-quality joint construction of the "Belt and Road" with practical actions: first, it emphasizes openness and inclusiveness, maximizes the cooperation with joint construction partners, and gives full play to the fundamental role of the market in allocating resources; second, emphasizes The quality of projects and products is high, and at the same time, it does not deviate from the actual needs and the local investment and financing capacity; the third is to emphasize that Chinese enterprises "going out" must adhere to the correct concept of righteousness and profit, and require enterprises to operate in compliance with laws and regulations.
Pakistani Ambassador to China Moin Haq said that as a flagship project of the joint construction of the "Belt and Road", the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor has helped Pakistan break through the bottleneck of backward infrastructure and energy shortage, promoted economic transformation and development, created a large number of jobs, improved the well-being of the people. In the future, Pakistan and China will continue to closely cooperate with each other, jointly build the "Belt and Road", implement global development initiatives, and promote the building of a community of shared future for mankind.
Mark Beeson, a visiting researcher at the University of Technology Sydney, Australia, said that China has built the world's largest carbon market and clean power generation system, and is capable of playing a prominent role in promoting the United Nations' 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Green supply chains and ecological protection red lines are important components of the joint construction of the “Belt and Road”. In order to better protect the ecosystems of relevant countries in the process of jointly building the “Belt and Road”, China and international multilateral organizations have conducted discussions on issues such as the investment and financing environment and corporate social responsibility compliance in the process of jointly building the “Belt and Road”. A series of experimental explorations were carried out.
"The role of the digital economy is very critical in the high-quality joint construction of the 'Belt and Road' and the implementation of global development initiatives." Gao Yingmai, director of the Digital Economy Strategy Research Office of the Institute of Information Technology and Software Industry Research Institute of China Electronics Information Industry Development Research Institute, believes that, The digital economy is an innovation-intensive economy. Digital technology not only helps to achieve energy conservation, emission reduction and green development, but also helps to achieve inclusive economic development, which fits well with the concept of the Global Development Initiative. The digital economy has become one of the core contents of the joint construction of the "Belt and Road". In promoting the construction of digital infrastructure, digital trade, digital finance, and digital humanities, China has deeply integrated the development concept of the digital economy and conducted some practical explorations, providing a good foundation for implementing the framework of global development initiatives.
"Soft Unicom with rules and standards is an important support and mechanism guarantee for promoting the high-quality joint construction of the 'Belt and Road'." Zhang Zhongyuan, director of the International Economic Relations Research Office of the Institute of Asia-Pacific and Global Strategy, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that institutional opening can better help "Belt and Road" high-quality development. China promotes high-level opening up and steadily expands institutional opening up of rules, regulations, standards, and management, which will help maintain a diversified and stable international economic structure and economic and trade relations.
"For more than nine years, the joint construction of the 'Belt and Road' has become a popular international public product, which can help solve some systemic problems in the common development of the world." Zhai Kun, deputy dean of the Institute of Regional and National Studies of Peking University, believes , in the future, the joint construction of the "Belt and Road" needs to improve the development path from four aspects: first, to adapt to the needs of global development; second, to strengthen the resilience of the "Belt and Road" construction; third, to improve system functions; fourth, to continuously enrich and innovate practice and collaboration.
Create new glories in Asia-Pacific cooperation
"The rapid economic growth of the Asia-Pacific in the past few decades has benefited from a peaceful and stable environment. An important revelation is mutual respect, unity and cooperation, and everyone discusses things and seeks the greatest common divisor." In the twenty-ninth meeting of APEC At the Leaders' Informal Meeting, President Xi Jinping called on us to join hands to build an Asia-Pacific community with a shared future and create new glories in Asia-Pacific cooperation under the new situation.
Liu Qing, vice president of the China Institute of International Studies, said that at present, cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region is full of challenges and opportunities. First, the situation in the Asia-Pacific region is generally stable, and maintaining peaceful development is the mainstream consensus of countries in the region; second, regional cooperation has been further opened up, such as the entry into force of RCEP, which has injected strong impetus into regional open cooperation; third, the role of regional countries in global governance has continued to increase.
Suraj Raj, director of the Boao Forum for Asia and former deputy prime minister of Thailand, said that in recent years, the cooperation between ASEAN and China has become more focused and pragmatic, and has promoted the common development of all countries in the Mekong-Lancang River Basin.
"The implementation of global development initiatives and global security initiatives should complement each other. Southeast Asia can become a priority development direction." Zhang Jie, director of the Asia-Pacific Security and Diplomacy Research Office of the Institute of Asia-Pacific and Global Strategy, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that this year marks the 30th anniversary of China-ASEAN dialogue relations . Over the past 30 years, the two sides have accumulated rich experience in properly handling the development and security agenda. As long as strategic alignment and political mutual trust are strengthened, regional economic cooperation will be accelerated, and many security issues will be resolved through development.
"In 2021, the direct investment yield of Japanese companies in China will be as high as 15.1%, which is the best investment return in the world. In the future, many Japanese companies in China still have the willingness to expand their business in China and are still optimistic about the potential of the Chinese market." Japan Ryusuke Takashima, chief representative of the Beijing Representative Office of the Trade Promotion Organization, said.
"In the past 30 years since the establishment of diplomatic relations, the trade scale between South Korea and China has exceeded 300 billion U.S. dollars, and the mutual investment between the two countries has reached 250 billion U.S. dollars. Before the epidemic, the number of personnel exchanges between the two countries has exceeded 10 million." Chief Representative of the Beijing Representative Office of the Korea Institute of Foreign Economic Policy Lee Sang-hoon said that in the future, South Korea and China need to strengthen cooperation and jointly contribute to regional peace and development. On the one hand, South Korea and China need to upgrade industrial cooperation and create new economic growth drivers, and expand cooperation in advanced high-end industries, technologies, and standards on the premise of protecting intellectual property rights; on the other hand, in anti-globalization and protectionism In the context of the rising tide, South Korea and China should adhere to free trade and multilateralism, and work together for the stability of supply chains, market opening, and multilateral cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region.
"The deepening friendly relationship between New Zealand and China has provided a good example for global cooperation." Yang Jiesheng, director of the Center for Contemporary China Studies in New Zealand, said that New Zealand is the first developed country to sign a free trade agreement with China and the first to recognize China's market economy It is also the first batch of countries that signed the "Belt and Road" cooperation agreement with China. In the future, there is broad space for cooperation between New Zealand and China. We can jointly maintain the openness and inclusiveness of the Asia-Pacific region, practice multilateralism, and jointly promote the development of global governance in a more fair and open direction.
Liu Zhenmin, former under-secretary-general of the United Nations, said that the Asia-Pacific region is one of the most dynamic regions in the world today. Even in the face of many crises, as long as Asia-Pacific countries continue to enhance their own development capabilities and strengthen regional cooperation, they can benefit from the joint construction of the "Belt and Road" and global development initiatives.
(Editors in charge: Yuan Bo, Hu Yongqiu)
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