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Driving inclusive and sustainable growth in the Asia-Pacific region

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BYD pure electric buses are driving on the streets of Chile.
Photo courtesy of BYD Co., Ltd.

Staff members conduct quality control tests on vaccines at the mRNA vaccine production base in Indonesia.
Photo courtesy of Yunnan Watson Biotechnology Co., Ltd.

In Chongqing Zhongxin Cancer Hospital, doctors are checking the treatment of patients.
Photo by Huang Wei (Published by Xinhua News Agency)

The production line of a bird's nest processing enterprise in China-Malaysia Qinzhou Industrial Park.
Photo courtesy of China-Malaysia Qinzhou Industrial Park

An aerial view of the Malaysia-China Kuantan Industrial Park.
Photo courtesy of Beibu Gulf Holdings (Malaysia) Co., Ltd.

The Asia-Pacific region has always been an important growth pole of the world economy, and China's economic development has always been accompanied by the process of regional cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region. In recent years, China and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies have made steady progress in cooperation in the fields of green transformation, technological innovation, economic and trade cooperation, and vaccine research and development, creating more opportunities for the common development of economies in the Asia-Pacific region.

Renewable Energy Helps Achieve Zero Carbon Goal

Our reporter Chen Yiming

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On the streets of Santiago, the capital of Chile, a white pure electric bus is driving steadily. After arriving at the station, the passengers who had been waiting for a long time lined up in an orderly manner to get on the bus for a test ride. This bus is a high-end pure electric bus T13E of China Yutong Bus Co., Ltd., which was delivered in Chile in July this year. "The ride is very comfortable, and the air-conditioning system, USB mobile phone charging port, wheelchair area, alighting button and low-floor design are all available. It's great!" Local citizen Jose excitedly shared his experience with our reporter. Take the experience.

In 2019, Chile announced that it will strive to become carbon neutral by 2050. In recent years, Chile has actively promoted green transportation, advocated low-carbon travel, promoted the development of clean energy, encouraged the use of pure electric buses in the national public transportation system, and planned to replace all buses nationwide with new energy vehicles by 2040. In January 2019, Yutong delivered 100 E12 pure electric buses to Chile at one time, marking the official start of the electrification process of public transportation in Chile. Up to now, many Chinese new energy companies such as Yutong and BYD have delivered hundreds of pure electric buses to Chile.

Today, from the northernmost city of Arica in Chile, the northern mining area, to the capital Santiago, and then to the city of Punta Arenas across the strait from Antarctica, Chinese pure electric buses shuttle in the streets and alleys, and have been deeply integrated into the daily life of local people. Life. According to local media reports, compared with traditional diesel buses, the pure electric buses that have been put into operation in San Diego have reduced noise by 25% to 70%, reduced operating costs by 76%, saved maintenance costs by 25%, and can reduce carbon dioxide emissions by about 2.5% per year. Ton. "The pure electric buses from China not only improve the passenger experience, but also help Chile promote emission reduction and build a cleaner city." Christian Garcia, a scholar at the Engineering Department of the University of Talca in Chile, said.

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Chile is the first South American country to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China, the first Latin American country to recognize China's full market economy status, the first to sign a bilateral free trade agreement with China and take the lead in upgrading it, and it is also the joint construction of the "Belt and Road" important partner. Green development is a long-term strategy to achieve sustainable development of the world economy. China's initiative to adhere to the harmonious coexistence between man and nature, actively respond to climate change, promote green and low-carbon transformation, and strive to build a community of life on earth has been widely recognized by the international community. As a country rich in solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy and geothermal resources, Chile urgently needs to build energy storage projects and rationally use renewable resources, and hopes to strengthen cooperation with China in related fields.

"Chinese companies have taken active actions and provided us with product technologies, solutions and industry standards, helping us improve the green transportation development system and move closer to the goal of carbon neutrality." Layton, executive director of the Chilean Pacific Foundation, said that as the world's No. As the second largest economy, China has taken positive and firm actions to promote green development and inject strong impetus into jointly building a clean and beautiful world. She attaches great importance to China's efforts to deal with complex climate challenges through science and technology, especially its great determination to carry out deep decarbonization technology research in industries such as thermal power, steel, cement, chemicals, non-ferrous metals, and transportation. She hopes that relevant technologies and successful experiences can be introduced to the Other APEC economies including Chile.

Leiden also noticed that the APEC cooperation mechanism has injected more impetus into deepening green and low-carbon cooperation between China and Chile. "China has promoted green development in the Asia-Pacific region by encouraging green products such as new energy vehicles to expand exports and supporting enterprises to expand foreign investment in the green economy. It is believed that the deep participation of all economies in policy discussions under the APEC platform will further promote regional green development. It will also open up more channels for green cooperation between Chile and China," she said.

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Vaccine cooperation builds a regional anti-epidemic shield

Our reporter Zhang Jie

"Have you been vaccinated against the new crown? I have already received three injections. It is the China Kexing vaccine!" Not long ago, Muji, a cleaner, met a reporter from our newspaper and excitedly shared his joy of being vaccinated against China.

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The heartfelt gratitude to the Chinese vaccine is the voice of many Indonesians. After the outbreak of COVID-19, China not only took the lead in providing anti-epidemic assistance to Indonesia, but also took the lead in cooperating with Indonesia in the research and development of vaccines and specific drugs for COVID-19. In January 2021, Sinovac's new crown vaccine was approved for emergency use, becoming the first new crown vaccine approved for use in Indonesia. On the 13th of that month, Indonesian President Joko Widodo broadcast the whole process of his vaccination against China live on TV, encouraging local people to get vaccinated. With the gradual launch of large-scale vaccination in Indonesia, China has become the country that provides the most vaccines to Indonesia. At present, the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines of Sinovac, Sinopharm, CanSino, Zhifei and Chinese companies have all been licensed for use in Indonesia, and 80% of the local COVID-19 vaccines come from China.

The preparation and transportation of the new crown vaccine is a huge and complicated project. Indonesia has many islands, with a population of nearly 270 million and scattered residences, with a high average temperature. In the face of unfavorable conditions, China and Indonesia have deepened cooperation in the entire industrial chain of vaccine research and development, production and distribution, and actively helped Indonesia improve its vaccine supply capacity. In August 2021, Sinovac reached a joint production agreement with a local Indonesian manufacturer, becoming the first company to cooperate with Indonesia in the production of new crown vaccines. In addition, the new crown vaccines of many Chinese pharmaceutical companies are undergoing phase III clinical trials in Indonesia, and they have carried out close research cooperation with the local area. In order to further enhance Indonesia's independent vaccine production capacity, China has also helped Indonesia establish a regional vaccine production center through technology transfer and jointly build a regional anti-epidemic shield.

On October 7, the Indonesian mRNA vaccine production base opened, which means that the mRNA vaccine of a Chinese company has become the first similar product to be produced in Indonesia, and the relevant production and manufacturing technology has also been transferred to the Indonesian partner company. On the basis of supplying the Indonesian market, the vaccines produced at the base will also radiate to neighboring countries. Luhut, the leader of Indonesia's cooperation with China and coordinating minister, said that China's technology transfer has helped Indonesia realize the localization of vaccines, which has effectively improved Indonesia's medical level.

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"The cooperation between Chinese and Indonesian companies in the field of COVID-19 vaccines is an important achievement for the two countries to build a closer community of shared future. At present, China-Indonesia relations have developed into a model of mutually beneficial cooperation among countries in the region." Lu Kang, Chinese Ambassador to Indonesia, said that the cooperation of Chinese companies The launch of mRNA COVID-19 vaccine products in Indonesia and the implementation of related technologies have brought tangible benefits to the local people, and also contributed to promoting regional economic recovery and improving global governance in the post-epidemic era.

At present, the new crown virus is still continuously mutating, and the global epidemic is still in an epidemic situation. Increasing the vaccination rate of the new crown virus can maximize the safety of people's lives. Veronica, director of the China Affairs Department of the Indonesian Center for International Strategic Studies, said, "Multilateral cooperation is the key to promoting the fair distribution of vaccines around the world. Vaccine cooperation under the APEC mechanism will provide more channels for global anti-epidemic cooperation and will also help Accelerate the global economic recovery."

Scientific and technological cooperation stimulates innovation momentum

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Our reporter Chang Biluo

At a medical examination center in Chongqing, doctors are using a new type of equipment to help medical examiners examine the fundus of the eyes. Take two fundus photos of the left and right eyes and upload them to the system. After more than ten seconds, a preliminary report will be issued to screen customers for diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration.

"Thanks to the China-Singapore Interconnection Project, we can cooperate with Singapore to promote the application of this artificial intelligence fundus detection technology in the medical field in China." Xu Chenxi, general manager of the research and development party Ai Ruisi (Chongqing) Artificial Intelligence Technology Co., Ltd., told this reporter.

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This is the epitome of China-Singapore strengthening cooperation in the field of science and technology and stimulating innovation momentum in recent years. Last year, with the support of the China-Singapore (Chongqing) Strategic Interconnection Demonstration Project, the Research Institute of the National University of Singapore (Chongqing) launched the "Block 71" project to provide technology incubation for scientific and technological enterprises. Through the collaboration of the research institute, the Sino-Singaporean joint venture IRIS received technical support from the Singapore Eye Research Center and the National University of Singapore to introduce artificial intelligence diagnostic technology and adapt it to local diseases. "Through in-depth learning, the detection and prevention functions of this technology are continuously optimized." Xu Chenxi said that relying on the Sino-Singapore (Chongqing) international Internet data channel, the data exchange between Iris and the Singapore Eye Research Center is more convenient, which is a great benefit for the enterprise. Technological innovation provides continuous impetus.

In 2018, in order to further promote cooperation in the field of information and communication between China and Singapore, China and Singapore signed the "Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in the Field of Information, Communication and Media" under the framework of the China-Singapore Connectivity Project. Both parties invested 20 million yuan to jointly establish China-Singapore The information and communication joint innovation and development fund focuses on supporting Chinese and Singaporean enterprises to use innovative applications in artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things. Up to now, there have been four batches of nearly 100 project declarations, and nearly 20 projects have been included in the financial support plan. "Our company has received 900,000 yuan in financial support, and we have more confidence in future development." Xu Chenxi said.

Chongqing Zhongchen Huiyu Technology Co., Ltd. also received the incubation support of "Block 71". In the company's lab, a rehabilitation robot wields a mechanical arm. "We often discuss with Singaporean experts on technical points such as how to control the strength and range of the robotic arm. The China-Singapore Interconnection Project has built a more convenient channel for innovative cooperation for enterprises." Zhang Leqian, co-founder of the company, said that the company is Actively cooperate with the National University of Singapore to promote the implementation of smart education and smart technology for the elderly in Chongqing.

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Behind the scientific and technological innovation, it is inseparable from the support of institutional innovation. The first Sino-foreign joint venture non-profit medical institution in Chongqing——Chongqing Zhongxin Cancer Hospital opened for operation, the Sino-Singapore International Trade "single window" realized data exchange, the Sino-Singapore customs inter-customs cooperation was carried out in an orderly manner, and the certified operator credit Cultivation and cooperation are accelerated…China and Singapore focus on the new goal of institutional opening up, and continue to improve the demonstration effect and driving effect of the project. In addition, the two sides have also accelerated the innovation of business cooperation models. The Chinese-led district and county international cooperation and joint construction platform and the construction of professional service alliances have achieved positive results, which has stimulated the vitality of districts, counties and enterprises to participate in project innovation and open development.

Digital connectivity and innovation are critical to achieving a sustainable recovery, and the business community is at the forefront of technological innovation. As APEC economies, the cooperation between Chinese and Singaporean companies also reflects the determination of countries in the Asia-Pacific region to strengthen scientific and technological innovation collaboration, promote R&D investment and transformation of achievements, and create an open, fair, just and non-discriminatory environment for technological development. "Through the APEC cooperation mechanism, we can enter the Chinese market and expand the scope of use of innovative technologies." said Huang Jianhao, senior vice president of Iris Private Investment Co., Ltd., the Singaporean investor of Iris. The scale of the Chinese market and its potential commercial value are huge. , Cooperation with Chinese enterprises has stimulated surging innovation momentum. The innovation of APEC mechanism helps to achieve more unification of standards, allowing enterprises to feel a more inclusive and open environment.

"Two countries, two parks" open up a new model of international cooperation

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Our reporter Zhu Jiaqi

From the main urban area of Qinzhou City, Guangxi, take Malai Avenue, and you will arrive at the China-Malaysia Qinzhou Industrial Park in less than half an hour. In the park, there are many modern buildings such as the Bird’s Nest Processing and Trade Base, the China-Malaysia International Science and Technology Park, and the Sichuan-Gui International Production Capacity Cooperation Industrial Park. The roads extend in all directions, and vehicles pass through them from time to time. Many project sites are still under construction. At the same time, in the Malaysia-China Kuantan Industrial Park in Kuantan City, the capital of Pahang State on the east coast of Malaysia, thousands of Chinese and Malaysian workers are busy.

As the world's first pair of sister areas established in each other's countries, the China-Malaysia Qinzhou Industrial Park and the Malaysia-China Kuantan Industrial Park have opened up a new model of international cooperation of "two parks in two countries". In recent years, the two parks have developed rapidly under the framework of the joint construction of the "Belt and Road" around the strategic positioning of "making Qinzhou and Kuantan industrial parks a flagship project for investment cooperation between China and Malaysia and a demonstration zone for China-ASEAN cooperation".

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In 2012, the China-Malaysia Qinzhou Industrial Park officially opened. The superior location conditions and complete infrastructure have attracted a large number of industrial and urban construction projects to come into operation. Over the past 10 years, the industrial park has signed more than 200 projects and registered more than 25,700 enterprises. The total investment in the agreement has exceeded 190 billion yuan, and more than 30,000 people have been employed. According to the management committee of the park, the park also focuses on strengthening cooperation with organizations such as the Malaysian Chinese Entrepreneur Association, and has introduced special support policies for the Malaysian side. In the first 10 months of this year, the total amount of goods imported and exported to Malaysia via Qinzhou Port reached 3.1 billion yuan, and the economic and trade exchanges between the two sides have become increasingly close.

The Malaysia-China Kuantan Industrial Park was opened in 2013. About 9 square kilometers of 12 square kilometers of planned land have been developed, focusing on the development of steel and non-ferrous metals, machinery and equipment manufacturing, light industry and building materials, port processing and modern logistics. According to statistics, the park has accumulatively signed 12 projects, with an agreed investment of more than 40 billion yuan and a total industrial output value of more than 35 billion yuan, creating about 20,000 local jobs.

"When I was studying, I found out that big projects were being built here, and the roads were well built. After inquiring about it, I realized that it was an industrial park jointly built with China." Kelly, a native of Kuantan, joined the park's corporate union after graduating in 2017. Worked as a dispatcher in the coking plant of Iron and Steel (Malaysia) Co., Ltd., and got the opportunity to go to Guangxi Iron and Steel Enterprises for training. Today, he has become the host of the Labor Relations Group of the Ministry of Enterprise Management. Looking back on the experience of the past five years, Kelly said with emotion: "The industrial park has played an obvious role in driving the local economic development. Many young people come here to seek jobs. I also grow from my work and live a good life."

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In November 2021, the Malaysia-China Kuantan Industrial Park received 17.5 billion yuan of investment from a Chinese company in the "Pyroelectric Aluminum-Manganese" circular economy project. After the project is completed and put into operation, it is expected to bring annual sales revenue of over US$2 billion, create another 5,000 local jobs, and bring an annual throughput of over 10 million tons to Kuantan Port. In August this year, Beibu Gulf Holdings (Malaysia) Co., Ltd. was awarded the "Public Facilities Power Operation Permit" of the Malaysia-China Kuantan Industrial Park, becoming the first foreign-funded company in Malaysia to operate a regional power grid. In the future, it will provide various enterprises in the park with More stable and reliable power will attract more enterprises to settle in and further stimulate the production capacity potential of the park.

"Malaysia's development philosophy of mutual benefit and sincere cooperation coincides with China's. For a long time, we have continued to deepen cooperation in projects such as the Malaysia-China Kuantan Industrial Park and Kuantan Port." Malaysia-China Kuantan Industrial Park Joint Venture Li Zhenhui, chairman of the company, said that practice has proved that the Asia-Pacific region has great potential for cooperation, and the industrial cooperation between Malaysia and China "two countries, two parks" is getting more and more solid. He looks forward to more diverse economic and trade cooperation among APEC economies.

"People's Daily" (version 07, November 27, 2022)

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(Editors in charge: Yuan Bo, Hu Yongqiu)

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