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Joint Statement Commemorating the 20th Anniversary of the Signing of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea

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We, the People's Republic of China and the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (hereinafter referred to as the "Parties"), on November 1, 2022, on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the signing of the 25th China-ASEAN Summit and the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea Gathered in Phnom Penh, Kingdom of Cambodia on 11th.

Recognizing that building the South China Sea into a sea of peace, friendship and cooperation benefits all parties;

Recalling that all parties signed the "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea" on November 4, 2002, adopted the "Guidelines for the Implementation of the "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea" in 2011, and issued the "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea" at the 15th China-ASEAN Summit in 2012 Commemorating the 10th anniversary of the signing of the "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea," the Joint Statement on the Comprehensive and Effective Implementation of the "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea" was adopted in 2016;

Reaffirmed that the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea is a landmark document in China-ASEAN dialogue relations, embodying the promotion of regional peace and stability, mutual trust and confidence by all parties in accordance with international law, including the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Commitment to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, commemorating the 40th anniversary of the opening of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea this year;

Recalling the achievements of China and ASEAN countries in implementing the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea, which has contributed to peace and stability in the South China Sea and promoted friendly relations and maritime practical cooperation;

Noting that the situation in the South China Sea has undergone profound changes since the signing of the DOC, and recognizing the need to intensify efforts, enhance goodwill, and fully and effectively implement the DOC;

Appreciate the progress made in the consultations on the "Code of Conduct in the South China Sea" and reaffirm that the conclusion of the "Code of Conduct in the South China Sea" in the future will further promote regional peace and stability.

With this in mind, we:

1. Reaffirm that the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia, the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence and other generally recognized principles of international law serve as the basic norms for handling relations between states;

2. Reaffirm mutual respect for each other's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity in accordance with international law;

3. Reaffirm their joint commitment to maintain and promote peace, security and stability in the South China Sea;

4. Reaffirm the commitment of all parties concerned to resolve territorial and jurisdictional disputes peacefully through friendly consultations and negotiations by sovereign states directly concerned in accordance with generally recognized principles of international law, including the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, without resorting to force or the threat of force;

5. Reaffirm respect for and commitment to safeguard the safety and freedom of navigation and overflight in the South China Sea in accordance with international law, including the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea;

6. Reiterate its commitment to the full, effective and complete implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea;

7. Continue to discuss and carry out maritime practical cooperation in the fields of marine environmental protection, marine scientific research, maritime navigation and traffic safety, search and rescue, and combating transnational crimes;

8. Continue to exercise self-restraint, refrain from taking actions that complicate and magnify disputes, and affect peace and stability, and avoid actions that may further complicate the situation;

9. Committed to maintaining and creating a favorable environment for the full and effective implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea, and on the basis of consensus, an effective, substantial content, and compliance with international law, including the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, will be reached at an early date. "Code of Conduct in the South China Sea".

Adopted in Phnom Penh, Cambodia on November 11, 2022.

"People's Daily" (version 07, November 25, 2022)

(Editors in charge: Yuan Bo, Hu Yongqiu)

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