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Lanting Observation丨What information does China's intensive summit diplomacy convey after the 20th National Congress?

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In the past week, the 17th G20 Leaders' Summit and the 29th APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting were held successively. This is also the most intensive week of offline interactions among leaders of the world's major economies since the outbreak. At the moment of the crisis, what signals are sent to the outside world? President Xi Jinping made his first overseas visit after the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. How to explain China's propositions and respond to the question of the century on bilateral and multilateral occasions? In this issue of Lanting Observation, we sorted out a few key words.

Keyword 1: busy

The past week has witnessed China's most intensive head of state diplomacy since the outbreak. In six days and five nights, President Xi Jinping attended more than 30 events intensively, not only planning multilateral diplomacy, but also leading bilateral relations; not only closely interacting with major countries, but also deepening South-South cooperation; from Bali to Bangkok, the leaders of the participating countries are looking forward to working with Xi Jinping The chairman meets and communicates face-to-face.


The first face-to-face meeting between the Chinese and U.S. heads of state in three years attracted the attention of the world and quickly became the headlines of major media around the world. The meeting, which lasted for more than three hours, clarified the direction for Sino-US relations, which are facing serious difficulties and are at a critical juncture of where to go. It is to prevent derailment from getting out of control and find a way for the two major countries to get along correctly.

Witness the trial operation of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway to create a new pattern of high-level cooperation between China and Indonesia; sign a number of cooperation documents to jointly build a China-Thailand community of shared future. Meeting with leaders of various countries, shaking hands and talking one after another, not only summing up experience, but also looking forward to the future; focusing on consensus, but not avoiding differences. The leaders of China and Australia officially met for the first time in six years, and the leaders of China and Japan met face-to-face for the first time in three years… On the multilateral stage, the busy index of China's diplomacy highlights that China makes friends on the basis of mutual respect, fairness and justice, and win-win cooperation , The concept and action of talking about cooperation have been more and more recognized.

Su Xiaohui, an associate researcher at the China Institute of International Studies, said: "The diplomacy of the head of state plays an irreplaceable role in the promotion of bilateral relations and major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics. After the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, many countries hope to observe China more closely. Through The way of holding frequent side meetings on multilateral occasions reflects that the international community is focusing on China and paying close attention to the changes China will bring to the world. After observing China closely, many countries see China’s foreign policy China’s development path is indeed a path of peaceful development, and Chinese-style modernization will bring more opportunities to the world, rather than so-called challenges and threats. Even though there are still some unresolved issues between the two countries, but Being able to achieve cooperation and promote mutual benefit and common development is also some of the core elements that the heads of state diplomacy has repeatedly emphasized in intensive activities one after another.”


Keyword 2: Unity and cooperation

The current G20 summit is a rare offline gathering of the leaders of the world's 20 most important economies since the outbreak of the new crown epidemic. It is regarded as "an emergency rescue for the global economy under the threat of recession." Due to the tension and serious differences in the international situation, Indonesian President Joko called the summit the "most difficult one" ever. To show solidarity and form a joint force to overcome difficulties, the international community has higher expectations for the G20 than ever before.

UN Secretary-General Guterres said: "I believe that some geopolitical approaches need to be broken. The actions of the G20 determine whether the human family has the opportunity to live sustainably and peacefully on a healthy planet. superior."


Against the background that the joint communiqués of the previous G20 ministerial meetings were difficult to produce, the summit finally reached a leaders' declaration. This also demonstrates to the outside world that although the parties still have differences on many issues, efforts to seek common ground while reserving differences continue.

The opening statement states: "Leaders of all countries reaffirm their commitment to cooperate once again to address global economic challenges." Such as taking actions to maintain food and energy security, emphasizing the need to appropriately adjust the pace of monetary policy tightening to ensure stable inflation expectations, Reduce cross-border spillover effects and so on. From the epidemic, climate and ecology, and digital transformation to finance, supply chains, and the multilateral trading system, it is not difficult to find that the declaration incorporates many Chinese ideas and propositions, echoing China's call for unity and cooperation.

The APEC meeting held in Thailand also focused on solidarity and cooperation. Faced with serious disruptions to Asia-Pacific cooperation, President Xi called for the building of an Asia-Pacific community with a shared future, emphasizing that the Asia-Pacific region is not anyone's backyard and should not become a arena for major powers. The people will not agree to any attempt to engage in a "new cold war", and the times will not allow it! Blocking or even dismantling the long-established industrial and supply chains in the Asia-Pacific region will only lead to a "dead end" for Asia-Pacific economic cooperation.


Xu Liping, director of the Asia-Pacific Society and Culture Research Office of the Asia-Pacific and Global Strategy Research Institute of the Academy of Social Sciences, pointed out that President Xi Jinping also specifically mentioned the need to build an Asia-Pacific security architecture. So how to build it? The first is to abide by the Charter of the United Nations and its related purposes and principles. The second is to establish a new security concept that is common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable. The third is to oppose the Cold War mentality and confrontation between camps. Individual countries' so-called "small courtyards and high walls" are actually not conducive to building today's Asia-Pacific security architecture. Whether it is multilateral occasions or bilateral occasions, China has released the concept of building consensus and reaching the greatest common divisor with everyone, so as to unite and cooperate to jointly deal with global challenges.

Keyword three: development

The International Monetary Fund recently lowered its global economic growth forecast for next year to 2.7%, which is 0.2 percentage points lower than the July forecast. On the 15th, the United Nations announced that the world population had reached 8 billion. Development issues are before the world like never before. The two multilateral meetings of the G20 and APEC happened to be held in two developing countries in Asia, which also brought more attention to development issues.


At the G20 summit, President Xi used development as the key word and proposed to promote global development that is more inclusive, inclusive, and resilient, which received widespread resonance. From supporting the African Union to join the G20, to proposing the establishment of a global economic recovery partnership and international food security cooperation initiatives, they all demonstrate China's responsibility as a major country to contribute to the cause of global development. United Nations Secretary-General Guterres even praised, "China's efforts to help developing countries develop together are unparalleled."

Regarding the Asia-Pacific, China further put forward six propositions of "co-promoting development" and announced that it will consider holding the third "Belt and Road" International Cooperation Summit Forum next year to inject new impetus into the development of the Asia-Pacific and the world.

Robert Kuhn, chairman of the Kuhn Foundation of the United States, said: "If human beings want to achieve development, they must ensure two basic principles. First, global stability is needed, and second, global economic growth must be guaranteed. With these two guarantees, other fields Only development is possible. Without stability and economic growth, nothing else is possible. Global development initiatives and global security initiatives focus on safeguarding these two basic principles.”


The "Asian moment" of global governance once again proves that solidarity and multilateralism are the right direction. The unity advocated by China instead of division, cooperation instead of confrontation, and tolerance instead of exclusion are increasingly recognized by the international community. We have also noticed that many leaders, including China and Indonesia, mentioned the word responsibility. In response to the current crisis, all parties should adopt a responsible attitude towards history, the world, and the people. Major countries in particular must play an exemplary role, put aside prejudices and differences, and seek common development and recovery.

Producer丨Sun Yanfeng Zhang Lin Wang Yu Fan Hao


Reporter丨Zhu Ruomeng, Zhao Chaoyi, Kong Luyuan

Camera丨Li Jun

Editing丨Lu Kuoda Qiao Ningxiang


(Editors in charge: Yang Guangyu, Yue Hongbin)

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