Connect with us

Business

The Worst Fears for Global Growth May Be Subsiding

News Agencies

Published

on

(Bloomberg) — Sign up for the New Economy Daily newsletter, follow us @economics and subscribe to our podcast.

Most Read from Bloomberg

Grounds for more hope that the global economy can avoid a major slump may emerge in the coming week in business surveys showing gradual improvement across much of the advanced world.

Purchasing manager indexes for both the US and the euro zone are anticipated by economists to tick higher. While several gauges will still suggest contraction, the upward direction of travel could add to a growing narrative that a soft landing is achievable.

Advertisement

At the same time, the full effects of concerted policy tightening by central banks have yet to be felt.

Global PMI Activity

Bolstering such prospects are China’s reopening after pandemic lockdowns, evidence of slowing inflation, and the assured views of some senior European officials that their economies won’t suffer recessions. The International Monetary Fund may even soon raise its outlook for the year, its chief hinted on Friday.

Advertisement

“We have, demonstrably, strength of labor markets translating into consumers spending and keeping the economy up,” Kristalina Georgieva said at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland. “With the reopening of China, we expect growth this year to again exceed the global average.”

How the US fares will also be crucial, however, and the first estimate of fourth-quarter gross domestic product there, due on Thursday, may prove instructive. The economy is seen expanding at a 2.7% annualized rate in the final three months of 2022 after a 3.2% pace in the third quarter.

While such a print suggests solid growth, recent data — including retail sales, home construction and industrial production — showed momentum starting to peter out in late 2022.

Advertisement

Economists surveyed by Bloomberg see GDP in the US declining over consecutive quarters in the middle of this year as steep interest-rate hikes from the Federal Reserve take a bigger bite out of demand.

While Asian momentum could provide a fillip to that outlook, the IMF chief suggested there’s a risk its contribution to the world economy might yet go awry.

Advertisement

“What if the good news of China growing faster translates into oil and gas prices jumping up, putting pressure on inflation?” she said.

What Bloomberg Economics Says:

“Fourth-quarter GDP to a large extent will be boosted by robust consumer spending on services, even as they pulled back on goods. Households continued to tap into excess savings brought on by stimulus and to benefit from solid wage gains. Tighter monetary policy means 2023 will see significantly weaker demand.”

Advertisement

—Anna Wong, Eliza Winger and Niraj Shah, economists. For full analysis, click here

Elsewhere, multiple rate decisions may include a potential final Bank of Canada hike for the cycle, and a 12th consecutive increase in Colombia. Australia and New Zealand may report slowing consumer-price gains, while euro-zone policy makers have a final chance to speak out before their own meeting the following week.

Click here for what happened in the past week and below is our wrap of what’s coming up in the global economy.

Advertisement

US and Canada

Aside from the PMI and GDP reports in the US, the government is projected to report on Friday that inflation-adjusted personal spending on goods and services fell in December for the first time in a year. The data are also expected to show inflation cooled on an annual basis, while remaining elevated.

Fed officials, who are observing a blackout period ahead of their Jan. 31-Feb. 1 policy meeting, will take into account indications of a slowing economy and moderating inflation.

Advertisement

Other reports are expected to show declines in new-home sales and core capital goods.

Read more: Fed Set to Slow Hikes Again and Debate How Much Further to Go

Looking north, the Bank of Canada appears set to cap one of the most aggressive tightening campaigns in its history with what economists and markets expect to be a final 25-basis point increase in borrowing costs on Wednesday.

Advertisement

Policy makers led by Governor Tiff Macklem will probably stop short of declaring an outright halt to hikes, opting instead to hold the benchmark overnight night rate 4.5% while keeping a hawkish tone as they monitor how quickly the economy gears down.

The decision is complicated by conflicting data. Canada’s ultra-tight labor market continues to add jobs with unemployment near a record low, and economic output is set to expand in the final quarter of 2022 at about twice the pace of the central bank’s previous forecasts.

Annual inflation is still uncomfortably high at 6.3%, but underlying pressures show clear signs of abating. Canada’s heavily indebted households, meanwhile, are feeling the pinch of higher rates and starting to curb their spending.

Advertisement

Asia

Australia and New Zealand report their latest inflation figures in the middle of the week, as the Reserve Bank of Australia considers a pause in its tightening cycle and the RBNZ mulls its next move after a jumbo hike in November.

In South Korea, Thursday’s GDP results may show the economy shrinking, an outcome that could strengthen caution at the central bank.

Advertisement

In Japan, Tokyo CPI data on Friday should signal whether inflation is any closer to a peak in the world’s third-largest economy.

Two closely-watched South Asian economies — Pakistan and Sri Lanka — will decide on their key rates, along with Thailand.

The Philippines reports the 2022 performance of its economy, which President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. had estimated to have grown 7%.

Advertisement

Thailand’s finance ministry will provide its latest economic estimates later in the week. China will be closed all week for the Lunar New Year holiday.

Europe, Middle East, Africa

The final window for European Central Bank officials to communicate before their Feb. 2 rate decision will close on Thursday.

Advertisement

Several appearances are scheduled before then, including two by President Christine Lagarde, who pledged to Davos attendees that she’ll “stay the course” on monetary policy.

Meanwhile, euro-zone data may give further indications of the health of the economy.

In Germany, where Chancellor Olaf Scholz is now convinced a recession will be avoided, the Ifo business sentiment report on Wednesday is forecast to show improvement across all gauges.

Advertisement

A first estimate of Spanish fourth-quarter GDP, meanwhile, may reveal slight expansion.

The UK faces a quieter few days than recently, with no Bank of England monetary policy speakers scheduled, and the PMI survey and public-finance data among the only items on the calendar.

In Hungary, the central bank will set its base rate at a monthly meeting on Tuesday, with investors then eyeing a potential pivot toward monetary easing at a deposit tender two days later. Further east, Ukrainian officials are seen keeping their benchmark unchanged at 25%.

Advertisement

Over to Africa, Nigeria’s central bank is expected to slow monetary tightening on Tuesday with a 50-basis-point increase. Inflation unexpectedly slowed in December, but remains well above the policy rate, deterring savings.

On Wednesday, policy makers in Mozambique will probably leave official borrowing costs unchanged for a second straight meeting with inflation forecast to slow.

After front-loading its fight against the worst global inflation shock in a generation, the South African Reserve Bank will probably also slow the pace of rate hikes on Thursday. Traders are pricing in a more than 80% chance of a 25 basis-point increase.

Advertisement

Latin America

On Tuesday, mid-month consumer price reports are likely to underscore the daunting challenge confronting policy makers in the region’s two biggest economies.

Brazil’s year-on-year result may only post an incremental move lower from 5.9%, while Mexico’s headline and core prints remain all but unchanged from their most recent readings of 7.86% and 8.34% respectively.

Advertisement

In Argentina, GDP-proxy data may disappoint for a third month, with the overvalued peso and near triple-digit inflation threatening a fourth-quarter contraction.

Chile’s central bank is all but certain to keep its key rate at a two-decade high of 11.25% for a second straight meeting on Thursday. Inflation running four times the target with the economy slipping into recession puts central bank chief Rosanna Costa in a tight spot.

Colombia watchers by and large expect Banco de la Republica to extend a record hiking cycle — a 12th straight rate increase to 13% — in the face of the sharpest bout of inflation in a generation.

Advertisement

Surprisingly, Finance Minister Jose Antonio Ocampo, a voting member on the board, on Tuesday said the bank doesn’t need to raise again and that inflation has peaked, both calls at odds with the bank’s own surveys of analysts. Something has to give.

–With assistance from Benjamin Harvey, Erik Hertzberg, Robert Jameson, Malcolm Scott and Stephen Wicary.

Most Read from Bloomberg Businessweek

Advertisement

©2023 Bloomberg L.P.

Continue Reading
Advertisement

Advertisement

Breaking News

Editor Pick’s

Latest Entertainment

Entertainment10 hours ago

Simu Liu, Lisa Ling, and more celebrities condemn Lunar New Year mass shooting in California

SOUL OF A NATION – 5/27/22 – ABC News groundbreaking Soul of a Nation returns with a special presentation, Together...

Entertainment11 hours ago

Travis Barker Debuts New Tattoo That Appears to Be of Kourtney Kardashian’s Eyes: ‘Oh Hey There’

https://www.instagram.com/p/CnsbbEOvgzQ/. Travis Barker/Instagram Travis Barker/Instagram Kourtney Kardashian is keeping her eyes on Travis Barker…forever. The Blink-182 drummer, 47, revealed a...

Entertainment11 hours ago

Pamela Anderson says Tommy Lee ‘lost it’ after she filmed kiss with ‘Baywatch’ co-star David Chokachi

Pamela Anderson is looking back on the havoc her relationship with then-husband Tommy Lee caused on the set of Baywatch....

Entertainment11 hours ago

Riley Keough, Lisa Marie Presley’s daughter, welcomed a daughter last year

Riley Keough welcomed a baby girl in 2022. (Photo: REUTERS/David Swanson) Riley Keough and her husband Ben Smith-Petersen welcomed a...

Entertainment13 hours ago

Anne Hathaway wanted to make Eileen as a reaction to a creepy question she got as a teenager

Anne Hathaway Director William Oldroyd’s Eileen just premiered last night at the Sundance Film Festival, and Anne Hathaway—who leads the film...

Entertainment14 hours ago

Lisa Marie Presley celebrated by Sarah Ferguson, Axl Rose, Austin Butler and more at Graceland memorial

Billy Corgan performs at the memorial service for Lisa Marie Presley at her Graceland memorial service on Sunday morning. (Photo:...

Entertainment14 hours ago

‘Avatar’ marks 6 straight weeks at No. 1, crosses $2 Billion

NEW YORK (AP) — James Cameron’s “Avatar: The Way of Water” led ticket sales in movie theaters for the sixth...

Entertainment14 hours ago

JoJo Siwa marks 2 years since she came out as gay: ‘I’m so proud of 17-year-old JoJo’

JoJo Siwa is marking two years since she came out. (Photo: Matt Winkelmeyer/Getty Images) JoJo Siwa is celebrating the second...

Advertisement

Latest Sports

Sports1 hour ago

Cowboys’ Pro Bowl RB Tony Pollard reportedly breaks fibula in playoff loss to 49ers

Pollard was fitted with an air cast before leaving the field.

Sports1 hour ago

Kyle Shanahan’s odd end-of-half strategy annoys fans, but helps 49ers win

Kyle Shanahan understands why fans were frustrated with his clock management to end the first half, but doubled down on...

Sports2 hours ago

Bettors kept taking the Chiefs, and Jaguars ruin all those bets with backdoor cover

Chiefs bettors were sick at the end of Saturday's game.

Sports2 hours ago

Justin Turner wanted to re-sign with Dodgers before the plan quickly changed

Justin Turner is excited to be part of the Boston Red Sox, but the former Dodgers third baseman always will...

Sports3 hours ago

Warriors’ Steve Kerr explains why it’s hard to play defense in NBA now

Warriors coach Steve Kerr explained the challenges of playing defense in the NBA right now.

Sports3 hours ago

An early look at the Eagles-49ers NFC Championship matchup

The Eagles and 49ers, the top two seeds in the NFC playoff bracket, will meet Sunday in Philadelphia for the...

Sports3 hours ago

There’s almost no separation in Super Bowl odds among NFL’s final 4 teams

Super Bowl odds show there isn't much separation between the final four teams.

Sports4 hours ago

Stefon Diggs makes quick exit from Bills locker room after playoff loss

Two years ago, after the Bills lost to the Chiefs in the AFC Championship, Buffalo receiver Stefon Diggs lingered on...

Technology Hot News

Technology4 days ago

Led by "Amazon" and "Microsoft" .. the technology giants are planning to lay off 64,000 employees

After 10 years of driving the stock market bull run, big tech companies are racing to downsize staff to adapt...

Technology5 days ago

Apple introduces MacBooks with new M2 processors

Yesterday, Tuesday, Apple unveiled MacBooks powered by the new, faster “M2 Pro” and “M2 Max” processor chips, in a surprise...

Technology5 days ago

All you need to know about the upcoming Galaxy S23 phones from Samsung

Samsung has officially announced that the (Galaxy Unpacked 2023) event will be held this year on Wednesday, February 1, which...

Technology5 days ago

FTX Exchange Announces Hacking and Stolen $415 Million in Cryptocurrency

Bankrupt American cryptocurrency firm FTX announced today, Wednesday, that $415 million in cryptocurrency has been hacked and stolen from the...

Technology5 days ago

Because of a "fraudulent tweet"… Elon Musk's trial begins

Elon Musk's trial began Tuesday in San Francisco with the selection of jury members who will have to decide whether...

Technology5 days ago

An electric spoon replaces salt and spices, but with conditions

Experts have developed an electric spoon that is able to replace spices and flavors and affect the taste buds in...

Technology1 week ago

The biggest dangers of using tracking devices.. so you can escape?

If you spot an unknown Bluetooth tagging device, there are ways to disable the device so it can't track your...

Technology1 week ago

New Twitter.. For You tab to web version

The Twitter platform announced that it will bring the new tab (For You), which launched last Tuesday for iPhones and...

Advertisement